Top 20 Concerns with a harbor island vlcc terminal

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10. Spill risk associated with pipelines running through and near bays and estuaries

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16. Altered hydrology of entire bay system from creation of 80' deep channel

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/port-cities-dredge-deeper-accomodate-cargo-ships-risk-flooding-rise-180970928/?fbclid=IwAR04PYXDWJyMcAsZnTkF0rVSDKu14XlFDfIcUh48WAZj269XN4DI_IGcu_k

 “Tidal inlets, either on the mainland or between barrier islands, can be altered by dredging, relocation, or artificial closure. Direct effects of    

dredging tidal inlets are changes in current patterns, which may change the location and degree of erosion and deposition events, and

prevention of sand transfer across inlets. In either case, additional shoreline hardening is a common response.”

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123744739000783 

18. Light & noise pollution associated with a VLCC terminal

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Top 20 concerns (pdf)

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